His band was a part of the Hathawekela division of the Shawnee.
Black Bob was half Miami and half Shawnee. His father was killed at age 72, in After Black Bob's death, his widow lived east of Olathe, Kansas. He had relatives "among the Blackfeather people. This site was part of the tract belonging to the Black Bob band. Joseph and Johnson Blackfeather were some of the heirs, hence the Blackfeather name associated with this land Settlers moved onto the land as soon as the war was over, and disputes over the land continued for 20 years.
The Cape Girardeau band believed that government commissioners had misled them about the treaty and argued that they had never agreed to allow any Ohio Shawnees to settle on the western lands. As a result, a portion of the Shawnees under the leadership of Black Bob did not move to eastern Kansas and instead settled along the White River in Arkansas.
Meanwhile, the Rogerstown and Fish bands traveled directly to eastern Kansas, where successive parties of Ohio Shawnees ed them over the next several years. A more complete reunion in occurred only through intimidation.
Black Bob's band still had no desire to move to the Kansas River. On Oct. The Black Bob band had written directly to President Andrew Jacksonnoting that "For the last forty years we have resided in Upper Louisiana ," which was now called Missouri"peaceably following our usual occupations for the support of our families", explaining that the Shawnee lands in Kansas had "climate colder than we have been accustomed to, or wish to live in," and they would be "surrounded by people strangers to us.
Eventually, Black Bob's band "removed to the area of Kansas ". In an treaty with Black Bob, "the United States gave them rights to land on the Shawnee Reservation in that state. This 1.
He kept the band together until his death, but the speculators induced the Indians to get their land in severalty. The tribe held its lands in common untiland "continued to live as had been their custom, making but little progress and spending most of their time in visiting other tribes and hunting, until the breaking out of the [Civil] war.
Then, on of the losses and sufferings to which they were subjected from bushwhackers on one hand, and Kansas thieves on the other, they left their homes and went to the Indian Territory in a body. There they remained until peace was proclaimed, when about one hundred returned to dispose of their lands. Tribal members petitioned the US Government in the s to "keep their land intact," noting that since the war, the band had been "composed largely of women and children.
The border troubles before and during the Civil War made it impossible for these Shawnees to remain on their land, and they went to the Indian Territory.
Squatters took possession of the vacated lands. For a quarter of a century there was no settlement of the matter.
Speculators and grafters flourished at the expense of the Indians. The matter was a standing scandal, settled finally by Congress and the Courts, and greatly to the disadvantage of the Black-Bob Shawnee. The Indians to whom the reservation belonged abandoned it near the beginning of the war. As it was most excellent land--fertile soil, well watered and timbered--settlers rushed in at the close of the war and soon every quarter-section of it was occupied by a claimant.
This was in the years of and About the same time, certain other parties, not actual settlers on the lands, among whom were Gen. James G. BluntJ. Irvin and Judge Pendery, conceived the de of buying up a portion of this land for the purposes of speculation.
This was in October, Taylor to acquire some of the Black Bob land holdings. The two then illegally sold portions of their land to new settlers," and refers to a local school asment titled, "Who Gets the Land? Matters were tied up in this shape until this act [of Congress] of Mar. The squatters on the Black Bob Reservation remained a topic of discussion as late as in The Indian Chieftain newspaper, published in Vinita, Oklahoma.
The bill alleges that the deeds of the speculators were obtained by fraud and demands that they be canceled. The bill prays that the settlers be ejected and that they be held to to the Indians for the rents and profits of the land for the last twenty years. This suit involves about 39, acres of the best land in Johnson County, which have been occupied by squatters ever since the Indians were driven off by Quantrell and his men in The settlers have absolutely no title save the possession, which they have been well satisfied to enjoy without any liability to pay taxes.
Great excitement prevails among the people on the reservation over the prospects cf being ejected, losing the improvements which they have placed there, and belay, mulcted for rents and profits besides. They have employed attorneys, and will make a bitter fight.
The speculators who hold unapproved deeds have never been in possession, having been kept out by the squatters. Might has been right on the reservation for a long time, and for years it has furnished tho courts of Johnson County the largest proportion of their criminal business. The local attorney appointed by Attorney-General Miller to look after the interests of the Indians say: that every prayer of the bill will be insisted upon.
Settlers were grantedacres km 2 of Shawnee land, while 70, acres km 2 remained to for the tribe, of which 20, acres 81 km 2 were granted to the Absentee Shawnee. In Kansas became a state, and the non-Indian people of Kansas demanded that all Indian tribes must be removed from the state. They predominantly settled in what is now Craig and Rogers County, Oklahoma. The Shawnee Reservation in Kansas was never legally dissolved and some Shawnee families still hold their allotment lands in Kansas.
Robinson, Indian Agent. First People. Retrieved Access Genealogy.
Overlooking the city
Clover Shawnee Bluejacket. Archived from the original on City of Overland Park, Kansas. Lenape-Delaware History.
Album, the Newsletter of the Johnson County Museum. Winter The History of Johnson County. Kansas Collection Books. Spring Native American Genealogy Links. Kansas Historical Society.
Native Heritage Project. Oklahoma Historical Society. Kansas Genealogy. VIII, pp. Article by Anna Heloise Abel.
Attorney-General to bring suit. An act to provide for the settlement of the titles to the lands claimed by or under the Black Bob band of Shawnee Indians in Kansas, or adversely thereto, and for other purposes. Oklahoma State University Digital Library. The Golden Rule, Olathe Kansas. Johnson County History.
Archived from the original on July 24, Date: March 3, Where or how concluded: Act of Congress.
Tribe: Shawnee Black Bob's band. From: U. American Memory. ISSN The Indian Chieftain, Vol. IX, No. Vinita, Indian Territory. John's Place: Cornsilks. Shawnee Tribe Loyal Shawnee. African-Native American Genealogy Forum.
Absentee Shawnee Tribe. Digital Scanning Inc. ISBN